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Most common problem after CVA?
MEN 1 includes all except
Most common nerve to get damaged in inguinal herniorrhaphy is?
Mammography is performed for
Initial response after tissue injury includes
Prolonged QT interval is not caused by?
Renal papillary necrosis can result from all except?
Portal vein is formed by the union of which of the following?
Most common site of Gastrointestinal stromal tumor ? (GIST)
Gram negative bacteria with swarming motility are which of the following?
What is the major route of elimination of anticholinesterase drugs?
Tumor arising from ventricle lining of the brain is called?
An acidic drug antagonizes a basic drug in a lab experiment ? What type of antagonism is this?
Parkinson disease results from deficiency of which neurotransmitter?
Muscle sensation detected by which of the following?
Cardiac output increases with
Rheumatoid Arthritis mostly occurs in individuals carrying which of the following genes?
Sensory perception in the absence of external stimuli is called?
Which drug along with edrophonium chloride improves postoperative ileus?
Which of the following diagnostic methods are not used for differentiation of Staph. Aureus and Staph. Epidermidis?
Quantal dose response curves are used in pharmacology, which statement is correct ?
A pathology student is looking at a slide portion of healthy tissue in which he finds signet ring appearance of cells. What kind of cells are they most likely to be?
Chronic Gastric losses tend to cause?
Which of the following is not a prevertebral ganglion?
Burkitt’s Lymphoma is associated with which of the following genetic changes?
Characteristics of mitral stenosis include:
Newly born child had a tuft of hair on his back. There was no associated neurological deficit. What is the likely diagnosis?
Which of the following is a chronic granulomatous disease?
Falciparum malaria can cause all except?
Most common organism causing community acquired pneumonia is:
Fifty Five years old chronic smoker presented with a non-healing oral ulcer which was not responding to medical treatment. What is the next course of action?
Where is the J wave found on an ECG strip?
An elderly male presented with c/o weight loss and dysphagia. Which initially started with solids but now is causing trouble with liquid diet as well. What is the likely diagnosis?
Clinical features of down syndrome include all except?
Teratoma occurs due to:
Which of the following decrease both preload and afterload:
Features of kwashiorkor include all except:
Known cases of HIV presented with high grade fever and a productive cough. X-Ray chest showed bilateral hyperdense infiltrates. What is the likely organism?
The amount of extra air exhaled above tidal volume during forceful expiration is called
Increased level of Hb F in adults is seen in:
A young male living in katchi abadi has fever, rash on trunk palm and hands and limbs, and mild thrombocytopenia associated with arthritis worse in the morning and general malaise. He gives a history of mosquito bites, what are you suspecting?
All of the following are major diagnostic criteria for Rheumatic fever except:
Which among these is NOT the first line drug in the management of Post herpetic neuralgia.
Pulsatile swelling behind the orbit with proptosis is a feature of?
Blood supply of anterior surface of heart is via:
What is the name of factor 1?
lleal resection leads to deficiency of?
Which muscle is loosely attached to the articulation plate of the temporo- mandibular joint?
Meigs syndrome triad includes which of the following?
A patient with increasing abdominal girth, pain and a jelly belly feel comes to you, she has ovarian tumors identified on an ultrasound, what could be the cause?
Treatment of bloating in diabetic gastroparesis can be achieved by which of the following pharmacological interventions?
Indication of surgery for adenoids included which of the following?
Long acting local anesthesia of the following is which one?
Paraumbilical hernia in liver disease can be caused by which of the following?
Antacids decreasing acidity is an example of which of the following?
Scaphoid bone displacement can cause injury to which nerve?
Tentorium cerebelli contains which of the following?
Ulcerative colitis is associated with which of the following?
A child presents to you with really high bilirubin and white coloured stool and jaundice in the first month of life, what will you suspect?
Flail chest occurs with which of the following pathologies?
Between cofactor and enzyme, which bond occurs?
Lesser curvature is supplied by which artery?
Which of the following produces a paraneoplastic SIADH?
What is the normal anion gap value?
Child with dyspnea, stridor, drooling, fever and he is unvaccinated. Which of the following could be causing this?
Hyperkalemia can cause which of the following:
Adenocarcinoma has which of the following origins?
After ovulation all of the following are true except:
Kidney is derived from which of the following?
Type of amyloid protein in rheumatoid arthritis:
Early ectopic pregnancy can rupture in which of the following?
Macrophages are involved in which of the following:
Lesion on tongue indicative of most malignancy potential:
Functional residual capacity is measured by which of the following?
Social smile in a child’s milestones occur at what age?
Fenestrated endothelium is present in which of the following?
How is bile salt transported in the ileum?
Primary sclerosing cholangitis what is the suspected cause?
What structure lies medial to lacunar ligament?
Artery between the two malleoli:
The most accurate definition of the shock state is:
Demeclocycline is used in?
Urinary output is a clinical measure of a patient in shock since it reflects:
A raised skin lesion with clear margins and size less than 0.5 cm is called?
ETDRS chart is used for vision evaluation in diabetic patients. IA hat does ETDRS stand for?
Class Ill shock results from ____ of blood loss
Each of the following has an attachment to scapula except:
A young patient presents with sudden, painless loss of vision in one eye. Ocular examination reveals visual acuity of perception of light and cherry-red spot on the fundus. A systolic murmur is heard on the chest The probable diagnosis is:
First line ATT does not include?
Cherry-red spot is seen in all except:
The goal of fluid resuscitation is:
Direct inguinal hernias lie w here to the inferior epigastric vessels?
A 35-year-old patient of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (1DDM) on insulin for the past 10 years complains of gradually progressive, painless loss of vision. What is the possible diagnosis?
An early sign of occult hemorrhagic shock is:
Fluid of choice in resuscitation for a patient with hemorrhagic shock?
A reliable tool for measuring tissue perfusion when there is metabolic acidosis and ongoing hemorrhage:
All of the following are involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic macular edema except:
Causes of lethal major blood loss and ongoing hemorrhage can be concealed. Which injury has the greatest potential to sequester blood?
Common cause of hepatic encephalopathy in Pakistan?
Grid photocoagulation is indicated in: