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What is the origin of the femoral sheath of the femoral vessels?
The left gastroepiploic artery is a branch of which artery?
Where are epiploic appendages typically found in the abdominal cavity?
What is the most common site for the lodging of a ureteric stone?
What is the structure lying anterior to the aorta?
In a patient with suspected appendicitis, if hip flexion and medial rotation elicit pain, where is the most likely location of the inflamed appendix?
Which of the following nerves supplies parasympathetic innervation to the rectum?
What is the anterior boundary of the lumbar triangle?
The female urethra is prone to infection.
Which of the following structures is supplied by the interlobular artery?
What structure covers the kidney and adrenal gland?
Which type of pelvis is characterized by an anterior-posterior (AP) diameter that is greater than the transverse diameter?
A 60-year-old patient with severe abdominal pain has abnormal mucosa from the hepatic flexure to the mid transverse colon. Which artery is most likely involved?
Which of the following structures holds the uterus in an anteverted position?
Which of the following ligaments connects the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries to the pelvic side wall?
What is the anatomical location of the lacunar ligament?
The right gastroepiploic artery branches off which major artery?
The epiploic foramen is bounded inferiorly by which anatomical structure?
Ureter constrictions occur at how many specific locations?
Which nerve block is used for upper abdominal viscera?
A patient with abdominal pain diagnosed as appendicitis experiences pain during hip extension. The most likely position of the appendix is:
Which of the following statements about the arterial supply to the rectum is TRUE?
What are the characteristic symptoms of a congenital diaphragmatic hernia?
Unilateral hydronephrosis in a 3-year-old child on ultrasound may be caused by a constriction at the:
Which of the following structures is found in the renal column?
How are the kidneys differentiated from each other?
Which types of pelvis are typically found in males?
Which of the following statements about the ascending colon is TRUE?
Which of the following statements about the broad ligament is TRUE?
Which of the following ligaments connects the medial pole of the ovary to the lateral uterus?
What is the anatomical extent of the inguinal canal?
What is the extension of the lacunar ligament along the pecten pubis and pelvic brim called?
The left gastric artery drains directly into which vessel?
Which artery is likely to be damaged in close proximity to the phrenic nerves?
Where do ureter constrictions typically occur?
The celiac plexus is located anteriorly to the aorta at which vertebral level?
Fractures of the sacrum and ischium thrust into the pelvic cavity can cause injury to which nearby structure?
What is a deformed scar?
In a boy with a history of a fall, while cycling and presenting with anuria, the most likely lesion is in the:
What are the structures projecting from the renal cortex in between renal pyramids called?
Which muscle is at risk of injury during a mediolateral episiotomy?
Which type of pelvis has a long AP diameter, a short transverse diameter, and inverted ischial spines?
Which artery supplies the transverse colon?
The part of the broad ligament that attaches to the uterine tube is called the:
What forms the deep inguinal ring?
Which structure is formed by the extension of lacunar ligament fibres along the pecten pubis and pelvic brim?
The short gastric artery is a branch of which major vessel?
What are the root values of the phrenic nerve?
Where is the ureter narrowest?
Which artery gives rise to the accessory right hepatic artery?
In a patient involved in a road traffic accident with fractures of the pelvis and right femur, along with an open fracture of the left tibia, what is the first step in emergency management?
What separates the rectum and urogenital sinus?
What is the cause of a congenital diaphragmatic hernia?
If a doctor notices that a part of the urethra is the least distensible or dilatable while passing a urinary catheter, it refers to the:
What are renal column arteries?
Which type of episiotomy cuts the bulbospongiosus, superficial transverse perineal muscles, and levator ani?
A primigravida experiencing prolonged labour with prominent ischial spines, a narrow subpubic angle, and the inability to reach the sacral promontory is likely to have which type of pelvis?
Occlusion of which artery leads to abdominal angina?
Chronic cervicitis with squamous metaplasia is a likely cause of:
Which structure contributes to the lateral wall of the deep inguinal ring?
The rectus sheath at the level of the umbilicus anteriorly is formed by the layer of internal oblique muscle aponeurosis with:
The cystic artery is a branch of which artery?
What is the major contributor to the root value of the phrenic nerve?
In a young male, where is a stone most likely to get stuck in the ureter?
What is the first branch of the abdominal aorta?
In a 45-year-old female with a femur fracture who presents with limb swelling, what is the next concern for potential complications?
What surface of the urinary bladder lacks peritoneal covering?
Which of the following is the first structure to come outward with an incisional hernia?
The least dilatable part of the male urethra is:
Which branch of the renal artery supplies the network around the glomerulus?
Which type of episiotomy heals better but increases the risk of 3rd/4th degree tears?
What is the name of the plane extending from the sacral promontory to the inner posterior surface of the pubic bone?
What prevents the ascent of a horseshoe-shaped kidney?
Which of the following structures helps prevent the ovaries from falling down?
What structures pass through the inguinal canal in males?
Which of the following is NOT part of the rectus sheath at the level of the umbilicus anteriorly?
During esophagectomy, which artery may be mobilized to supply the stomach when it is moved into the upper portion of the thorax?
Irritation of the phrenic nerve can refer pain to which area?
In the structure viewed from the posterior side of the urinary bladder (lateral to medial), what comes last?
The left gastric artery is a branch of which major artery?
A posterior superior dislocation of the hip joint can lead to damage to which pelvic bones?
Which lymph nodes drain the urinary bladder?
Which of the following is the most likely structure seen during right inguinal hernia surgery?
The narrowest part of the male urethra is:
Which of the following structures is found in the medullary rays?
Which type of episiotomy is more painful but less risky for severe tears?
An ideal pelvis for delivery is one with a subpubic angle greater than what degree?
Which arteries anastomose at the marginal artery?
Which of the following structures connects the uterus with the labia majora?
What structures pass through the inguinal canal in females?
The posterior wall of the rectus sheath above the level of the arcuate line is primarily formed by the aponeurosis of which muscle?
If an incision inadvertently cuts the superior epigastric vessels during surgery, why might this not lead to tissue necrosis?
Which part of the diaphragm is primarily supplied by the phrenic nerve?
What is the least common site for ectopic pregnancy?
The right gastric artery typically arises from which major artery?
In the case of a fracture of the pelvic outlet, what is the likely outcome regarding damage to the acetabulum?
Which veins enter the inferior vena cava?
Which of the following is the most lateral structure in a femoral hernia?
The size of the ureter is approximately:
What is the correct sequence of the renal vasculature?
Which type of episiotomy is associated with damage to the external anal sphincter?
What is the most likely cause of lumbar pain and anuria in a woman who has undergone a C-section?
In the case of a young thin man with a stab wound below the umbilicus, which vessel is most likely injured?
Which of the following structures is related to the lateral fornix of the vagina?
What is the correct order of coverings of the spermatic cord from inner to outer?
The tunica vaginalis, a structure around the testes, is derived from which layer of the abdominal wall?
Which artery emerges through the saphenous opening?
What happens when the phrenic nerve is avulsed at its origin?
What is the most common site for ectopic pregnancy?
What is the primary arterial supply to the first 2 cm of the duodenum?
What is the primary source of support for pelvic viscera?
Which vein is longer, the right renal vein or the left renal vein?
What mnemonic can be used to remember the order of structures found within the femoral canal from lateral to medial?
The most distensible part of the male urethra is:
Which of the following anatomical structures contains interlobar arteries?
Which type of episiotomy is associated with damage to the bulbospongiosus muscle?
The ureter is located:
Which nerve supplies the external anal sphincter?
Which of the following is the remnant of the gubernaculum in females?
Which layer of the spermatic cord is derived from the fascia transversalis?
Which one of the following represents the correct order of the coverings of the testis from the outermost to the innermost layer?
The gastroduodenal artery is located posteriorly in relation to which part of the duodenum?
Which nerve provides the motor supply to the diaphragm?
Which major artery branches into the esophageal and gastric branches?
Which artery primarily supplies the upper half of the duodenum?
What provides the primary support for the uterus?
Which structure is posterior to the left renal vein?
What is the most common type of hernia in females?
The least distensible part of the male urethra is:
Which of the following is a branch of the internal pudendal artery?
What is the muscle that may be paralyzed during childbirth?
The bifurcation of the abdominal aorta serves as a demarcation point to identify the ureter in a patient with a ureteral stone at the pelvic brim undergoing surgery:
Damage to the pudendal nerve can lead to which of the following?
Which of the following structures is the main support of the uterus?
Which layer of the spermatic cord is derived from the internal oblique muscle?
Which condition is characterized by the accumulation of serous fluid that fills and distends the tunica vaginalis?
In case of injury to the fundus of the stomach, where is the bleeding most likely to occur from?
What is the result of damage to the phrenic nerve?
What are the branches of the common hepatic artery?
The lower half of the duodenum is mainly supplied by the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery, a branch of which major artery?
What provides dynamic support for the uterus, helping to hold it in position?
What is a potential way that renal tumors can spread?
Which of the following is NOT a boundary of Hesselbach’s triangle?
Which of the following is the narrowest part of the male urethra?
Which of the following is a branch of the internal iliac artery?
Which type of pelvis is characterized by a wide transverse diameter, a narrow anteroposterior diameter, and a wide subpubic arch?
The structures that can potentially damage the ureter during hysterectomy, in descending order of risk, are
What is the landmark for a pudendal nerve block?
Which of the following ligaments connects the ovaries to the lateral pelvic wall?
Which layer of the spermatic cord is derived from the external oblique aponeurosis?
During the drainage of fluid from a hydrocele in the tunica vaginalis, which structure is pierced?
Which artery is a branch of the external iliac artery?
Which part of the pericardium is supplied by the phrenic nerve?
The short gastric arteries, left gastroepiploic artery, and pancreatic branches are associated with which major artery?
Which artery lies posterior to the first part of the duodenum?
What can occur when there is damage to the uterosacral ligament?
What is the lymph drainage of Denonvillier’s fascia?
What is the location of a direct inguinal hernia in relation to the inferior epigastric vessels?
Which of the following is a complication of a slow-growing tumour of the head of the pancreas?
The body of the pancreas is anteriorly related to which of the following?
Which type of pelvis is the most common and the most favorable for childbirth?
In cases of ovarian cancer staging laparotomy where the ovarian artery is ligated near the pelvic brim, the ureter is at risk of damage:
Which nerve supplies the internal anal sphincter?
Which of the following ligaments contains the ovarian vessels?
The fusion of which two muscles forms the conjoint tendon in the inguinal region?
The bare area of the liver is limited by which ligament?
The superficial epigastric artery is a branch of which artery?
In the urogenital triangle, what is the nerve loss associated with?
In the case of celiac trunk compression, which structure is the least likely to become ischemic?
What is the anterior relation of the 3rd part of the duodenum?
A patient experiences heaviness and pain in the perineum, with the external os of the cervix visible in the introitus. What is the likely cause of these symptoms?
What is the arterial supply to Denonvillier’s fascia?
Which of the following is a distinguishing feature of an indirect inguinal hernia?
Which of the following lies within two layers of the splenorenal ligament?
Which of the following is the second narrowest part of the male urethra?
Which type of pelvis has a narrow transverse diameter, a wide anteroposterior diameter, and a narrow subpubic arch?
In a female patient who had an abortion and later developed a hematoma in the broad ligament, the injury that led to hematoma formation was likely to the:
Which of the following structures lies on the lateral side of the ischiorectal fossa?
Which of the following ligaments is related posteriorly to the ovarian vessels?
Where is the Pampiniform Plexus located?
Which ligament contains splenic vessels that may need ligation during surgery?
What is the name of the communication between the greater and lesser sac?
What is the landmark for a pudendal nerve block?
Which major artery does not arise directly from the aorta?
What structure is commonly damaged during an appendectomy when making an incision at McBurney’s point?
Which of the following muscles is part of the levator ani muscle and contributes to the formation of the pelvic diaphragm?
What is the nerve supply to Denonvillier’s fascia?
A multiparous woman presents with a pulsatile and expansible thigh mass below the inguinal ligament but no fever. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
The uncinate process of the pancreas is anteriorly related to which of the following?
Which of the following is located between the celiac plexus and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA)?
Which type of pelvis is more common in black women and is associated with narrow ischial spines?
The uterine artery crosses the ureter anteriorly and supplies the uterus. It typically arises from which artery?
Which of the following structures is supplied by the internal pudendal nerve?
Which of the following ligaments connects the cervix to the side wall of the pelvis?
External oblique muscle fibres interdigitate with which muscle along with latissimus dorsi?
The structure immediately medial to a femoral hernia is the:
In which condition does fluid accumulate in the lesser sac?
In females, where does the neck of the bladder lie concerning the urogenital diaphragm?
The pancreatic magna artery is a branch of which major artery?
What is the most common position of the appendix?
Which of the following arteries is the primary blood supply to the rectum?
What does Denonvillier’s fascia separate?
During transurethral surgery, which of the following arteries is most likely to be encountered at the 5 and 7 o’clock positions?
The neck of the pancreas is posteriorly related to which of the following?
Which of the following is formed by the confluence of the superior mesenteric and splenic veins?
Which type of pelvis is considered a male-type pelvis?
Abdominal angina is caused by the narrowing of which artery?
Which of the following nerve roots can be damaged in a child who falls from a height and develops urinary incontinence?
Which of the following ligaments contains the uterine vessels?
The superficial epigastric artery is a branch of which artery?
Vessels at the base of the bladder are located in which ligament?
Where is the lesser sac located within the abdominal cavity?
What are the lateral attachments of the urogenital diaphragm?
Which artery is a branch of the gastroduodenal artery?
Which of the following is the primary blood supply to the appendix?
What is Denonvillier’s fascia also known as?
Which of the following nerves supply the neck of the bladder and proximal urethra?
The head of the pancreas is posteriorly related to which of the following?
Why is adrenalectomy on the right side avoided?
Which type of pelvis has a narrow transverse diameter, a wide anteroposterior diameter, and a wide subpubic arch, and its pelvic brim is transversely shaped, resembling a kidney?
The transverse colon is located in which region of the abdomen?
Which of the following structures is responsible for intra and extra-pelvic extensions?
Which of the following ligaments plays a crucial role in maintaining the position and stability of the uterus within the pelvic cavity?
Which structure passes through the superficial inguinal ring?
The left gastric artery supplies the upper lesser curvature of the stomach from which major artery?
What is the lateral relation of the lesser sac?
Where is the ureter commonly located concerning the gonadal vessels?
The left gastroepiploic artery is a branch of which major artery?
The appendicular artery is most commonly a branch of which artery?
What makes up the base of the urinary bladder?
The neck of the female urethra lies on the upper surface of the:
What is the relationship between the lesser sac and the body of the pancreas?
What is a potential cause of death in a post-adrenalectomy patient?
Which type of pelvis has inverted spines, a narrow subpubic arch, and an unreachable sacral promontory?
Which of the following arteries supplies the proximal 2/3 of the transverse colon?
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
Which of the following ligaments connects the uterine fundus to the labia majora?